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Daesh/Islamic State in Paris and San Bernardino: Will fighting extreme ideas reduce extremist violence?

Daesh/Islamic State in Paris and San Bernardino: Will fighting extreme ideas reduce extremist violence?

Constructions of Terrorism

How should we understand the role of Daesh/IS in the November 2015 Paris attacks and the December 2015 San Bernardino attack?  What should the West do now?  In this post I argue that Daesh/IS was responsible for the Paris attacks but not for the San Bernardino attack, and that...

09 Feb 2016

Youth as Partners in Peace and Security: United Nations Security Council Resolution 2250

Youth as Partners in Peace and Security: United Nations Security Council Resolution 2250

Children & Young People

On December 9, 2015 the United Nations Security Council adopted unanimously the first ever resolution on youth, peace and security focusing on the crucial role of young men and women in peacebuilding and their positive contributions to post-conflict reconciliation, and countering violent extremism (CVE). As with similar resolutions in...

09 Feb 2016

Daesh/IS Armored Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Devices (AVBIEDs): Insurgent Use and Terrorism Potentials

Daesh/IS Armored Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Devices (AVBIEDs): Insurgent Use and Terrorism Potentials

Terrorism Futures Series

© January 2016 This essay in the TRENDS terrorism futures series focuses on advanced threats related to vehicle borne improvised explosive devices (VBIEDs). It provides a threat typology of these devices with their evolution into the armored (AVBIED) variant that has now been fielded by Daesh/IS in both Iraq...

02 Feb 2016

Economic Diversification in the Gulf in 2016

Economic Diversification in the Gulf in 2016

Global Economy

Economic planning and the outlook for the Gulf region has been in the spotlight in recent weeks.  The most recent highlight is the possibility that Saudi Arabia might sell off some shares in Saudi Aramco, which has generated many column inches in the world’s financial press.  What lies behind...

25 Jan 2016

Defining the Limits of Terrorism: Are We Terrorized?

Defining the Limits of Terrorism: Are We Terrorized?

Constructions of Terrorism

The end of 2015 and the start of 2016 was witness to several incidents of violence perpetrated in a variety of settings, using a diversity of weapons, against different kinds of targets.  Yet, in spite of these differences, all were quickly reported as acts of terrorism.  Using the definition...

25 Jan 2016

The Long Game of Drone Warfare

The Long Game of Drone Warfare

Security, Defense & Terrorism

As the United States enters its presidential election year, it may be fruitful to begin a discussion on a cornerstone of the current administration’s counter-terror program – the use of drones to conduct air-to-ground missile strikes on the leaders of terrorist organizations abroad.  These drone strikes are conducted where...

11 Jan 2016

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Realisation of the Human Rights of Children

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Realisation of the Human Rights of Children

Human Rights & Children

On November 20, 1989, the Convention on the Rights of the Child  was formally adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. It is the most widely ratified international human rights convention in the world with 196 states parties (only the USA has not ratified the Convention). This indicates that...

11 Jan 2016

What We Are Missing in the Debate on Beirut, Paris, and San Bernardino

What We Are Missing in the Debate on Beirut, Paris, and San Bernardino

Security, Defense & Terrorism

The attacks in Beirut and Paris that took place approximately over a month ago along with the recent shooting in San Bernardino have raised important questions regarding the available and effective measures for countering violent extremism at home and abroad. In the wake of the attacks in Beirut, Paris,...

22 Dec 2015

The Constructions of Terrorism Conference: Three Trends

The Constructions of Terrorism Conference: Three Trends

Constructions of Terrorism

TRENDS Research & Advisory, in cooperation with the Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies recently held a conference on the “Constructions of Terrorism” at the University of California, Santa Barbara campus.  From this conference three trends emerge: 1) Defining and describing terrorism means putting terrorist violence into the...

22 Dec 2015

Countering Violent Extremism and Education: Gaps and Recommendations

Countering Violent Extremism and Education: Gaps and Recommendations

Children & Extremism

Education and development in society are important factors in the limitation of radicalization and recruitment, but there is no evidence to suggest that there is a direct link between illiteracy and extremism. The International CVE Research Conference 2015 organized by Hedayah, offered CVE academics and practitioners a number of...

16 Dec 2015

The Paris Attacks and Future Operations against Daesh

The Paris Attacks and Future Operations against Daesh

Security, Defense & Terrorism

The terrorist attacks in Paris on 13 November killed 130 people and injured 351. In this essay, I will analyze the events of that evening, the French and European counterterrorism response, and will argue finally that any lasting solution to this problem needs to be in the form of...

16 Dec 2015

Reforming the World Bank: the continuing story of a failure foretold?

Reforming the World Bank: the continuing story of a failure foretold?

Global Economy

Since 1944, the World Bank has been the pre-eminent institution in multilateral development finance. Its unrivalled capacity to mingle financial muscle with expert knowledge of development issues has kept at the forefront of international efforts to alleviate the suffering of the world’s poor including, currently, commitments under the rubric...

08 Dec 2015